Of the two yarn systems that compose the fabric, the vertical ones are the warp yarns. Warp yarns form a right angle with the weft yarns. These two types of yarns compose the texture of a fabric.
Preparing the warp takes certain stages; first, the yarn number in the warp is counted according to the type of the texture. Silk yarns in the hank form are passed on to the bobbins according to the length of the warp. The bobbins are placed in the warping creel, the yarns in the creel are interlaced one by one into the warp beam trolley through the comber board. The width of the warp determines the number of the bands (cycle); a 90 cm width of warp on a plain weaving loom of 7-comber board is completed in about ten cycles.
The warp wound around the trolley is wound around the warp beam by putting newspaper sheets in between the yarns to prevent their mingling. The warp is now ready.